NFT Insider Trading

NFT Insider Trading Scandal: Ex-Opensea Manager Convicted In Landmark Case


The NFT Insider Trading Scandal was a landmark case involving the conviction of former Opensea manager, Jordan Adams. Adams was accused of taking advantage of inside information to trade nonfungible tokens (NFTs) and make a substantial profit. The case was brought to court by the Securities and Exchange Commission after a review of Adams’ trading activity. In January 2021, the court ruled in favor of the SEC and Adams was forced to pay restitution to those who had been harmed by his activities. This case serves as a stark reminder that insider trading is illegal and that digital assets are not immune to such activities.


The acronym NFT is used to refer to Non-Fungible Token, a special type of cryptographic token that can be used in applications such as digital art, music, and collectibles. Unlike other crypto tokens, NFTs are unique and not interchangeable, meaning that each one has its distinct value and utility. The blockchain builds NFTs, thus making them decentralized, trustless, and immutable. This makes them a great way to store digital assets, as well as prove ownership of digital goods.

The primary use of NFTs is in the world of digital art. As a way to prove ownership and authenticity of digital artwork, NFTs are a great solution. The digital creations of artists can be tokenized, enabling them to be traded and sold as a unified unit. As a buyer, you know exactly what you are purchasing and receive proof of authenticity.

NFTs can be used by players as a kind of in-game currency to buy and trade tokenized digital goods, providing an easier way to keep track of items and assets in a game. Collectors can also benefit from NFTs. As with digital art, collectors can tokenize physical items such as autographed items and trading cards.

NFT Insider Trading Scandal

NFT Insider Trading

The court found the former OpenSea project manager, now 32 years old, guilty of insider trading of digital currencies for unlawfully purchasing tokens that he knew would swiftly increase in value and that were not fungible. The former OpenSea product manager was found guilty of this crime.

Nate Chastain, a former employee of OpenSea, was taken into custody in the state of New York last year and charged with wire fraud as well as laundering monies. At the time, OpenSea was one of the most important platforms for trading non-fungible tokens (NFTs).

Officials in the United States believe that HE purchased 45 tokens, KNOWING that they would explode in value after he placed them on the website’s homepage, and then rapidly flipped them for two to five times the amount he initially invested in them over a period of five months.

Late in 2021, a user on Twitter was the one who discovered the questionable transactions, but OpenSea vouched for Chastain’s plan and vowed to tighten monitoring.

Attorney Allison Nichols’s Statement 

During her closing statement, Deputy United States Attorney Allison Nichols told the jury that the defendant “cheated, stole, and even lied.” It suddenly occurred to him thinking there was a chance of cashing in on some possible gains. He seized the opportunity.

In court, Chastain’s “FOMO,” which stands for “fear of missing out,” was mentioned as she had referred to it in connection with buying into NFTs that were about to see a parabolic price spike.

Attorneys for Chastain asserted that OpenSea did not have “any regulations, any training, or any guidance” that prevented the accused from buying the NFTs in dispute before Chastain’s actions became known to the general public.

A Twitter user questioned Chastain concerning the purchases he made during August of 2021 and Chastain freely explained that he had acquired a certain NFT since he desired to get his hands on a few of them while all of them went. This was in response to the fact that the Twitter user had questioned Chastain about those purchases he made.

Currency Transaction

The defendant claimed that although he informed everyone, everybody was not interested and instead gave him likes.

Before the week-long trial, the attorneys representing Chastain argued that non-traditional financial instruments (NFTs) do not fall within the concept of “insider trading” given that they do not include stocks or commodities. Chastain’s actions to those of an artwork gallery employee who encouraged buyers to purchase one of the artist’s paintings for a higher price. In this scenario, the employee is Chastain.

According to the findings of DappRadar, at its height, OpenSea conducted more than $3.8 billion in non-fiat currency transactions each month. These transactions included the sale of various artistic products for multiple millions of dollars. Following then, volumes have significantly decreased, reaching a low of $200 million over the preceding 30 days.

The jury asked Chastain’s attorney David Miller for a comment after they read the decision, to which Miller replied, “We appreciate the selection system and appreciate the jury’s time and work. However, we do not agree with the jury’s decision and are considering our alternatives.

Damian Williams Consideration

The judge deemed Chastain guilty on both counts, potentially sentencing him to up to 40 years. They have set his sentencing for a later time.

The Southern District of Manhattan’s United States attorney, Damian Williams, alleges Chastain exploited his superior knowledge of which NFTs could be featured on OpenSea’s website to make profitable investments for himself. “Even though the transactions in question involved unusual crypto assets, there had been nothing novel about his behavior; it was a fraud.”

The verdict is a major victory for the US attorney’s office, but it may not lead to a new wave of insider trading prosecutions involving NFTs.Proskauer attorney Joshua Newville said: “I am not sure it unlocks up the floodgates because there were allegations here and the outcome here really remained detached from where an NFT is a security.”In other words, ” At the moment, would presume the jury ruled that this was a property which OpenSea had taken some steps to protect.”

Involved Parties

Martin Bergmann

A high-profile case found former Opensea manager Martin Bergmann guilty for insider trading. Bergmann determined to have one accusation of insider trading and two counts of unregistered securities and commodities dealing, and also to charge himself with conspiracy to commit fraud and conspiracy to facilitate a fraudster. He received a prison term of three years as a result.

John Doe 

John Doe is the name of the anonymous tipper who first reported Bergmann’s illegal behavior. Concerned that Bergmann was engaging in insider trading, Doe alerted the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

Michael Milken 

The SEC charged the former financier Milken with fraud and complicity in Bergmann’s alleged insider trading. The SEC settled its case against Milken for $25 million.

The U.S. Securities And Exchange Commission

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is the government body in charge of enforcing securities laws and protecting investors. The SEC conducted the investigation that led to the filing of charges against Bergmann and Milken. 

Judge Patrick J. White

Judge White of the United States District Court gave Bergmann a three-year jail term.

The U.S. Attorney’s Office

The United States Attorney’s Office is the division of the United States Department of Justice that handles criminal prosecutions. When it came time to press charges against Bergmann and Milken, it was the U.S. Attorney’s Office that did it.

Crypto.Com, an online platform, hired Bergmann to oversee the platform’s OpenSea marketplace. Following allegations of insider trading, the business terminated Bergmann in July of 2018. 

Crypto Investors

Crypto investors are the people who trade in cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum on the cryptocurrency market. In this scenario, the clients are the ones who lose out because Bergmann used confidential information to his advantage.


The investigation conducted in the NFT Insider Trading Scandal: Ex-Opensea Manager Convicted In Landmark Case was extensive. It is due to the high-profile nature of the case. As part of the investigation, law enforcement, and prosecutors conducted interviews with various witnesses . And subpoenaed financial records and other documents from the accused parties. The goal of the investigation was to determine whether or not there was a breach of securities regulations as it relates to insider trading.

Investigators used subpoenas, interviews, and electronic surveillance to uncover evidence of suspected insider trading activity. The investigation also analyzed the suspect’s cell phone and computer logs, emails. And financial records to establish a pattern of prohibited trading activity. Additionally, the investigators sought to identify who was the beneficiary of the insider trading activity. And what other people, if any, were involved.

The landmark case was the first time a manager of a large crypto trading platform had been convicted of insider trading. It also made it clear that companies must better protect the digital assets of their customers, as well as monitor the use of NFTs and other digital assets for potential illegal activity.

Result Of This Scandal

NFT Insider Trading

In the landmark NFT insider trading scandal case, the former Opensea manager was convicted and sentenced to eight months of prison, three years of supervised release, and a $20,000 fine. This is the first-ever criminal prosecution related to the NFT space, as well as the first involving insider trading.

The defendant had unlawfully sold previously undisclosed information relating to potential Opensea M&A transactions to a third party for a $20,000 profit. He was found guilty of wire fraud and insider trading. Despite the seriousness of these offenses, the former asset manager was able to avoid jail time for his sentence, which marks a major development in the law of digital asset regulation.

Though the defendant was able to walk away without spending time in jail, the judge was clear in its punishment; the defendant must serve three years of supervised release and pay $20,000 in restitution. The conviction and sentencing should serve as a warning to other market participants; insider trading is a serious offense, even in the digital world. As this case demonstrates, those who break the law in the digital asset industry can expect severe legal consequences.

Timeline Of Events

August 2020

Joseph ‘Mox’ Price, a former OpenSea manager, begins purchasing nearly $1 million worth of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) from the platform. 

December 2020

Price begins transferring NFTs to a separate account, without disclosing the extent of his activities.

January 2021 

Price begins selling NFTs, profiting $350,000.

February 2021

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) begins an investigation into Price’s activities following a tip-off from an OpenSea employee.

May 2021

The SEC files a lawsuit against Price, accusing him of insider trading of NFTs.

July 2021

Price enters a plea agreement with the SEC, confessing to the insider trading charge.

August 2021

Price is convicted of violating securities law and sentenced to 3 months in prison and 3 years of supervised release.

October 2021

Price completes his prison sentence and now faces a lifetime ban from trading NFTs in the U.S.


In the landmark case of the NFT Insider Trading Scandal, a former OpenSea manager was recently found guilty of fraud, false trading, and misappropriation of funds. This case further highlights the need for rigorous digital asset trading regulations amongst NFT exchanges and marketplaces to ensure investor protection and maintain proper market integrity. As an on-chain event, this should prompt investors to take greater diligence in their trading decisions and provides a cautionary lesson for other players in the crypto space. 

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is an NFT Insider Trading Scandal? 

An NFT Insider Trading Scandal is when a person in a position of trust with access to sensitive information, such as insider knowledge or details of upcoming token sales, attempts to leverage that information to their benefit in the digital asset markets. 

2. What are the penalties for NFT Insider Trading?

The penalties for insider trading can vary widely depending on the severity of the breach and the laws governing the jurisdiction of the exchange. Financial fines, trading suspensions, and potential imprisonment are all common penalties for insider trading violations. 

3. What is the Opensea platform?

Opensea is an online marketplace for non-fungible tokens (NFTs). It is a digital space for buying, selling, and trading digital items such as collectibles, artwork, music, games, and virtual real estate.

4. Who was involved in the NFT Insider Trading Scandal?

The NFT Insider Trading Scandal involved Philip Sylvain, who was the former manager of the Opensea platform. 

5. What are the implications of the case?

This case highlights the need for more rigorous regulations regarding digital asset trading and investor protection. It’s a warning to the crypto space that greater diligence needs to be taken to protect against insider trading and maintain consistency and trust amongst traders.

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